There is mounting evidence that PPI use is associated with higher risk for a number of infectious diseases (including clostridium difficile, SBP, and pneumonia). In this large prospective cohort, researchers examined the strength of association between PPIs and hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), and found a 30% higher risk of HAP in those on PPIs than those not on PPIs (after multivariable adjustment). They did not find a significant association with H2 blockers (abstract). Over half of the inpatients received an acid suppressive medication during their inpatient stay. This study adds to the existing literature of the overuse and potential harm of acid suppressive medications in inpatients.
This large systematic review found rectal NSAIDs significantly reduced the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis compared to pancreatic duct stents (abstract).
This large population-based cohort found the most common causes of drug induced liver injury to be augmentin and diclofenac, followed by herbal and nutritional supplements (abstract).
This large trial of patients with a relative contraindication for enteral feeds were randomized to early TPN or usual care. There were no differences in the groups in 60 day mortality or LOS, but those on TPN did have a shorter time ventilated and less muscle/fat loss. It is unclear based on this trial if […]