There is mounting evidence that PPI use is associated with higher risk for a number of infectious diseases (including clostridium difficile, SBP, and pneumonia). In this large prospective cohort, researchers examined the strength of association between PPIs and hospital acquired pneumonia (HAP), and found a 30% higher risk of HAP in those on PPIs than those not on PPIs (after multivariable adjustment). They did not find a significant association with H2 blockers (abstract). Over half of the inpatients received an acid suppressive medication during their inpatient stay. This study adds to the existing literature of the overuse and potential harm of acid suppressive medications in inpatients.
Dr. Scheurer is a clinical hospitalist and the Medical Director of Quality and Safety at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, South Carolina, and is Assistant Professor of Medicine. She is a graduate of the University of Tennessee College of Medicine, completed her residency at Duke University, and completed her Masters in Clinical Research at the Medical University of South Carolina. She also serves as the Web Editor and Physician Advisor for the Society of Hospital Medicine.