There is at least one aspect of “Obamacare” that my mother-in-law and I can firmly agree on: hospitals should not get paid for frequent readmissions. The Hospital Readmission Reduction Program (HRRP), enacted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) in 2012 with the goal of penalizing hospitals for excessive readmissions, has great face […]
My patient was a 69 year old lady with metastatic small cell lung cancer. She was on experimental chemotherapy and was admitted from clinic with worsening lower extremity edema and a new oxygen requirement. She underwent a chest and abdominal CT that revealed new pulmonary masses, tumor and a mass invading her right pulmonary artery, […]
The large multi-center ICU trial randomized ICUs to 1 of 3 strategies: MRSA screening/isolation, MRSA screening/isolation/decolonization, or global decolonization (5 days BID nasal mupiricin and daily chlorhexidine bathing). The hazard ratios for MRSA isolates in the 3 groups were 0.92, 0.75, 0.63 respectively. The hazard ratios for any bloodstream infection in the 3 groups were […]
This trial found no difference in patient outcomes (mortality or LOS) if admitted during a time of 24/7 intensivist coverage, or during a time with only daytime intensivist coverage (with home call at night) in a medical ICU. This study does not show a patient benefit to a 24/7 intensivist staffing model in an academic […]
This trial of patients with severe ARDS randomized them to prone (at least 16 hours a day) or supine positioning. Those in the prone position had significantly lower 28 day mortality (16% vs 33%), and 90 day mortality (24% vs 41%) with no difference in complications (abstract).
This study of patients intubated in the ICU randomized them to patient-initiated/directed music, noise canceling headsets, or usual care. Those in the music group had significantly lower anxiety scores and use of sedatives compared to usual care. Those in the music group also had lower sedation frequency (but not sedation intensity or anxiety scores) compared […]