In the largest meta-analysis to date (82 trials, >11,000 participants), probiotics reduced antibiotic associated diarrhea by 42% (RR 0.58, CI 0.50 to 0.68, p<.001). Although this still does not settle the debate about the best probiotic preparation, there is substantial evidence that they reduce antibiotic associated diarrhea (abstract)
This large systematic review found rectal NSAIDs significantly reduced the risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis compared to pancreatic duct stents (abstract).
This large population-based cohort found the most common causes of drug induced liver injury to be augmentin and diclofenac, followed by herbal and nutritional supplements (abstract).
This large trial of patients with a relative contraindication for enteral feeds were randomized to early TPN or usual care. There were no differences in the groups in 60 day mortality or LOS, but those on TPN did have a shorter time ventilated and less muscle/fat loss. It is unclear based on this trial if […]