In this small single center trial, acute CHF patients were randomized to fluid and sodium restriction (800cc and 800mg/day, respectively) or to no restriction. There were no differences between the groups in weight loss or congestion scores during the hospital stay, nor were there differences in 30 day readmission rates. The restricted group reported much more thirst. This study raises doubts as to the benefit of routinely restricting fluid and sodium in patients with acute CHF (abstract).
Dr. Scheurer is a clinical hospitalist and the Medical Director of Quality and Safety at the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, South Carolina, and is Assistant Professor of Medicine. She is a graduate of the University of Tennessee College of Medicine, completed her residency at Duke University, and completed her Masters in Clinical Research at the Medical University of South Carolina. She also serves as the Web Editor and Physician Advisor for the Society of Hospital Medicine.